No comments | Wednesday, December 19, 2012
Cockroach Hall of Fame, Plano, Texas, USA
Record-breaking cockroaches, and insects dressed as famous people

Colman's Mustard Museum, Norwich, Norfolk, UK
Tells the fascinating history of mustard

The museum of Dog Collars, Leeds Castle, Maidstone, Kent, UK
A collection of Dog Collars, most of them dating from the Middle Ages

Gallery of Also-Rans, Norton, Kansas, USA
A collection celebrating people who came second or lost political campaigns and other contests

The Lawnmower Museum, Trerice, Cornwall, UK
Mechanical lawnmowers through the ages

The Medieval Crime Museum, Rothenburg, Germany
Medieval crime, punishment and torture implements

National Wool Museum, Geelong, Australia
The only museum devoted to wool, opened in 1988

Nut Museum, Old Lyme, Connecticut, USA
Nut carvings, 2.4-m long nutcrackers and other nut-related exhibits

Philips Mushroom Museum, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, USA
A museum focusing on all types of mushrooms and other fungi

The Piggy Bank Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Displays 12,000 piggy bank from all periods

Porter Thermometer Museum, Onset, Massachusetts, USA
More than 3,000 devices for taking temperatures
No comments | Wednesday, December 19, 2012
  •  The highest officially recognized horse jump is 2.47m. The jump was made by Captain Alberto Larraguibel Morales (Chile) on Huaso on 5 February 1949 at Santiago, Chile. Richard Donnelly (USA) claimed to have cleared 2.515m on a horse named Heatherbloom in Richmond, Virginia, USA, in 1902, but this is an unofficial record.
  •  The world record height jumped by a horse in a puissance event (a Showjumping competition in which horses jump a limited number of walls and high obstacles) was set on 9 June 1991. German rider Franke Sloothaak on Obtibeurs Leonardo cleared 2.4m during an event in Chaudfontaine, Switzerland.
  •  The longest horse jump over water in 8.4m. The jump was made by Andre Ferreira (South Africa) in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 25 April 1975 on a horse named Something.
No comments | Saturday, December 15, 2012
Their real names maybe the same as or similar to those of other people, or they maybe difficult to spell or pronounce. Here are some famous performers who decided to change their names.

Film name                Real name
Woody Allen Allan Stewart Konigsberg
Jennifer Aniston Jennifer Linn Anastassakis
Mel Brooks Melvin Kaminsky
Nicolas Cage Nicholas Kim Coppola
Michael Caine Maurice Joseph Micklewhite
Jackie Chan Chan Kong-sang
Tom Cruise Thomas Cruise Mapother IV
Kirk Douglas Issur Danielovitch Demsky
Whoopi Goldberg Caryn Elaine Johnson
Cary Grant Archibold Alexander Leach
Richard E. Grant Richard Grant Studlendegehawn
Hulk Hogan Terry Gene Bollea
Angelina Jolie Angelina Jolie Voight
Ben Kingsley Krishna Bhanji
Queen Latifah Dana Elaine Owens
Jet Li Li Lian Jie
Marilyn Monroe Norma Jean Baker
Demi Moore Demetria Gene Guyness
Natalie Portman Natalie Hershlag
Winona Ryder Winona Horrowitz
Susan Sarandon Susan Abigail Tomalin
Christian Slater Christian Michael Leonard Hawkins
Sigourney Weaver Susan Weaver
Goldie Hawn Goldie Jean Studlendegehawn
No comments | Friday, December 07, 2012
Most-Performed Operas
Puccini's La Boheme is the most -performed opera in London and New York. It has been staged 545 times since 1897 at London's Royal Opera House, and 1,140 times at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York. Aida and Carmen are the closest runners- up in both places.

Longest Operas
Richard Wagner's Gotterdammerung is the longest regularly-performed opera. The opera can last up to six hours, including intervals.

Largest Opera Venues
The two largest opera houses where operas are regularly performed are in Italy and America. They are the Arena di Verona in Verona, which holds 16,663 people, and the Municipal Opera Theatre in St Louis, USA, which holds 11,745. The Teatro alla Scala, Milan, Italy, which has 3,600 seats, is one of the world's largest indoor opera theatres, although several US opera houses come close in size.

Grandest Grand Opera
The Opera Aida has often been performed on a grand scale, with a huge cast including elephants and other animals. It has been staged at the pyramids, Egypt and in the year 2000 was performed in a football stadium in Shanghai, China, with a cast of 3,000 and an audience of 45,000.

1 comment | Sunday, December 02, 2012
The first, the Giant Western, was  a giant in its time but was less than 1/100th the size of the Queen Mary 2, which is 345.03m long. The Great Eastern measured 211m and the Titanic was 269m long. Weights given are the weight of the ship when empty, without cargo, crew passengers and supplies. Some of these ships are still sailing, but many have been scrapped. The Titanic and Lusitania both sank with the loss of many lives.
Ship Launched    Weight 
Great Western 1838 1,340
President 1840 2,360
Great Britain 1845 3,448
Great Eastern 1858 18,914
Oceanic 1899 17,274
Baltic 1904 23,884
Lusitania 1907 31,550
Mauretania 1907 31,938
Titanic 1912 46,232
Bismarck/Majestic/Caledonia*   1922 56,621
Normandie/Lafayette* 1935 79,301
Queen Elizabeth 1938 83,673
Voyager of the Seas 1999 137,276
Explorer of the Seas 2000 137,308
Navigator of the Seas 2002 138,279
Queen Mary 2 2003 142,000
Freedom of the Seas 2006 158,000
* Renamed

Top Speeds:
Rowing eight- 
The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race is rowed annually on the River Thames, London, and covers 6.8km. The Oxford crew won in 1998 in a record time of 16 minutes 19 seconds, equivalent to a speed of 25km/h.
Aircraft carrier-
Nimitz class nuclear powered aircraft carriers of US Navy can travel at more than 56km/h.
Russian Alfa class nuclear submarines could probably travel at 83.4km/h, but these are no longer in use. US Navy Los Angeles class subs are said to achieve 74km/hr, but the precise figures are military secrets.
Sailing vessel-
During the 19th century clippers could average 36.63km/h. The modern sailing yacht record is held by Simon McKeon and Tim Daddo of Australia. On 26 October 11993 they sailed their yacht Yellow Pages Endeavour at 86.21km/hr.
Car ferry-
The Spanish-built Australian catamaran Luciano Federico L can carry 52 cars and 450 passengers at a top speed of 107km/h.
On 25 January 1980 a US Navy Bell SES-1008 experimental vehicle achieved a speed of 107km/h.
These super-fast racing motor boats are capable of remarkable speeds: Dave Villwock set a new record average speed of 343.5km/h in Miss Budweiser at Oroville, California, USA, on 13 March 2004.
Ocean Liners-
Steam ships began carrying passengers across the Atlantic between Europe and the USA from 1838 onwards. In the early years, the journey (about 4,828km) could take 18 days or longer. Shipping companies competed with each other and the fastest ship carried a Blue Flag or Blue Riband. There were separate Blue Ribands for westbound and eastbound crossings, and after 1934 an award, the Hales Trophy, was presented to the ship with the fastest average speed. In 1952 the newly launched liner SS United States won both the westbound and eastbound Blue Riband with a time of 3 days 10 hours 40 minutes, and the Hales Trophy with an average speed of 65.9km/h. Cat-Link V, a Danish catamaran ferry, is the current Blue Riband and Hales Trophy holder. With an average speed of 76.5km/h it set a new transatlantic record of just 2 days, 20 hours and 9 minutes.

Types of ships:
Passenger and commercial ships:
Barge- This name is used of carious types of ship, ranging from a slow canal boat to a small sailing cargo boat or a decorated rowing boat used by royalty.
Catamaran- A boat with two hulls side by side. There are different types of catamaran, including ferries and yachts.
Container ship- A cargo ship designed to carry standard-sized containers, making it easy to load and unload.
Ferry- A ship that takes passengers and vehicles from one port to another.
Galleon- A medieval sailing ship. The word was first used in 1529.
Galley- An ancient warship driven by oars. Biremes have oars on two levels, and triremes on three.
Hydrofoil- A boat with a special device to lift its hull out of the water, so increasing speed.
Junk- A high-sterned (the stern is the aft or back end), flat bottomed, Chinese or Japanese sailing ship with two or three masts.
Liner or cruise ship- An ocean-going ship once used to take passengers on long journeys, such as across the Atlantic. Cruise ships are luxury liners designed to take people on pleasure cruises.
Oil tanker- A large vessel that carries oil from oil fields to refineries in other countries.
Yacht- A sailing or engine-powered ship used for pleasure cruises or racing.
Ship in Sea

Aircraft carrier- A warship from which aircraft can take off and land.
Cruiser- A medium-sized, fast, long-range warship.
Battleship- A large armoured warship.
Destroyer- A small fast warship.
Frigate- A warship that escorted cargo convoys to protect them from attack by submarines, introduced during World War II.
Minesweeper- A naval ship designed to find and destroy mines.
Submarine- Military submarines can travel long distances under water to avoid detection, and can fire torpedoes and missiles. Special civilian submarines are used for undersea research.

No comments | Wednesday, November 28, 2012
Name/Cause/Year Age at Death
King Edward V of England, murdered, 1483        12
Saint Agnes, martyred, c 304        13
King Edward VI of England, natural causes, 1553        15
Anne Frank, German diarist, in concentration camp, 1945        15
Lady Jane Grey, Queen of England, executed, 1554        16
Thomas Chatterton, English poet, took poison, 1770        17
Anastasia, Grand Duchess of Russia, assassinated, 1918        17
Ritchie Valens, American rock singer, plane crash, 1959         17
King Tutankhamen, Egyptian pharaoh, c 1340 BC        18
Heliogabalus, Roman Emperor, assassinated, 222        18
Joan of Arc, French heroine, burned at the stake, 1431        19
Catherine Howard, Queen of Henry VIII, beheaded, 1542        20
Billy the kid (William H. Bonney), American outlaw, shot, 1881        21
Eddie Cochran, American rock singer, car accident 1960        21
Pocahontas, Native American Indian Princess, smallpox, 1617        22
Buddy Holly, American rock singer, plane crash, 1959        22
Aaliyah (Aaliyah Haughton), singer, plane crash, 2001        22
River Phoenix, actor, drug overdose, 1993        23
Clyde Barrow, US outlaw, shot by Texas Rangers, 1934        24
James Dean, american film actor, car crash, 1955        24
Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy, murdered, 1963        24
John Keats, English poet, tuberculosis, 1821        25
"Red Baron" Manfred von Richthofen, German flying ace, shot down, 1918        25
Jean Harlow, film actress, illness, 1937        26
Brian Jones, Rolling Stones guitarist, drowned, 1969        26
Jimi Hendrix, Rock guitarist, drugs, 1970        27
Kurt Cobain, Niravana lead singer, shooting suicide, 1994        27
Anne Bronte, British writer, Tuberculosis, 1849
No comments | Wednesday, November 28, 2012
This building and an adjacent one had been used for exhibition space and art classes for over 30 years and they're both scheduled to be torn down to make way for a new larger structure, So, as a final farewell, local Houston artists, Dan Havel and Dean Ruck, turned them into art installation known as "inversion". Using boards from the outside of the houses they created a large funnel-like vortex running between the two that ends in small hole in a adjacent courtyard. It's a cool effect particularly for those who always wanted to experience a black hole without the whole "being crushed to a quantum singularity" end result.


No comments | Wednesday, November 21, 2012
Monkeys and Apes (and humans) belong to the group of mammals called Primates. There are 256 known species of primate. The smallest primate is the pygmy mouse lemur, which weighs only 30g.

Largest Primates Average weight (Kg)
Gorilla              220
Human               77
Orang-utan               75
Chimpanzee               50
Baboon               45
Mandrill               45
No comments | Saturday, November 17, 2012
  • Magma shoots out of the ground at temperatures as high as 1200 degree celsius.
  • In 1815 the eruption column from Mount Tambora in Indonesia reached at height of about 60 Kilometres. There was complete darkness for three days afterwards within a 500 Kilometre radius of the eruption.
  • Approximately 260,000 people have died over the last 400 years as a result of volcanic activity.
  • Lava flows have been recorded at speeds of up to 75 kmph.
  • On average, there are about 60 Volcanic eruptions every year, many of which are in Asia.
  • The sound of the Krakatoa eruption in Indonesia in 1883 could be heard more than 3000 Kilometres away in Australia.
No comments | Sunday, November 11, 2012
By posting your photos on Facebook, you've granted the company license to use it. Theoretically, they can use them any way they want. whether it's for corporate promotional material or advertisements, unless you know to opt out. They also allow businesses that you've "liked" to use your profile photo on ads shown on , your friends page. Most people fail to read the user agreement, which clearly says that "you grant us a non-exclusive, transferable, sublincensable, royalty-free, worldwide license to use any IP (Intellectual Property) content that you post on or in connection with Facebook:" (Is it any wonder people skip this?) unless you and every one with whom you've shared your photos delete them. Occasionally third-party advertisers have used photos without the user's or Facebook's consent. A few years ago, a man logged on to his account and stumbled upon an ad for an online dating service. Who was the star of said ad? His wife! Awkward! Turns out the service lifted her profile photo from her page.
No comments | Wednesday, November 07, 2012
Tutankhamun's Mask
Tutankhamun was king of ancient Egypt in the 14th Century BC. In 1922 fabulous treasures were found in his tomb by archaeologist Howard Carter. They are now in the Cairo Museum, Egypt. They include a magnificent gold mask, which weighs 10.23kg. It was found inside a solid gold coffin weighing 110.4kg.

Buddha Statue
A 15th-Century statue of Buddha is the largest gold object in the world. It is in the Wat Traimit temple, Bangkok, Thailand, stands 3 m tall and weighs 5.5 tonnes.

Gold Salt Cellar
This was made by Benvenuto Cellini for Francis I of France in about 1540. It is made of solid gold, elaborately decorated, and is one of the greatest works of the goldsmith's art. It is now in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Fort Knox 
The vaults of Fort Knox, Kentucky, USA, contain the largest amount of gold in one place anywhere in the world. They hold more than half the century's total reserves- mostly in gold bars.
No comments | Thursday, November 01, 2012
Model M5120
Announced September 1989
Weight 16 lbs
RAM 1 Meg, 9 Meg maximum
Battery 6.5 volt, 5 amp lead acid (gel type)
CPU Motorola 68HC000, 16MHz
Display 10-inch b&w active matrix
640 x 400 pixels
I/O Built-in trackball
Ports Apple Desktop Bus (ADB)
Two serial ports
External SCSI port
External floppy port
Video port
Storage Internal 1.4 Meg 3.5-inch floppy drive
Internal 40 MB SCSI hard drive
OS Mac OS 6.04
Price US$ 7300 w/hard drive

The Mac Portable is Apple's first Portable Macintosh computer. Although there were already PC laptops on the market, few were as fast or powerful. The Portable has a 68000 processor running at 16 MHz, comes with 1 MB RAM which can be expanded to 9 MB RAM, has an optional internal 9600 baud modem, and includes a PDS slot (Processor Direct Slot) for direct access to the system processor. The Portable has an active matrix screen, which updates faster and doesn't have the blurry effect of other early display. 

The Portable is powered by an internal lead-acid gel/cell battery, similar to those found in car batteries, which can run from 6 to 12 hours. Battery adds an entire 2 pounds to the weight of the Portable.

There was only one problem with the Portable which unfortunately led to its demise, it just wasn't very Portable. Being rather large and weighing 16 lbs, few people had the patience to carry it around anywhere, despite all of its great feature.
No comments | Monday, October 22, 2012
  1. You forgot 90% of your dreams.
  2. Dreams are Symbolic.
  3. Not everybody dreams in color.
  4. In our dreams we only see faces that we already know.
  5. Every human being dreams (Except in cases of extreme psychological disorder).
  6. Blind people also dream. People who became blind after birth can see images in their dreams. People who are born blind do not see any images, but have dreams equally vivid involving their other senses of sound, smell, touch and emotion. 
  7. Emotions. The most common emotion experienced in dreams is anxiety. Negative emotions are common than positive ones.
  8. You can experience an Orgasm in your dreams.
  9. If you are snoring, then you cannot be dreaming. (Haven't any scientific evidence to support it)
  10. Precognitive Dreams. Results of several surveys across large population sets indicate that between 18% and 38% of people experienced at least one Precognitive Dream and 70% have experienced deja vu.
  11. Men and Women Dream differently.
  12. Dream Incorporation. Our mind interprets the external stimuli that our senses are bombarded with when we are asleep and make them a part of our dreams. This means that sometimes in our dreams we hear a sound from reality and incorporate it in a way.
  13. Body paralysis. Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is normal stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eyes. REM sleep in adult humans typically occupies 20-25% of total sleep, about 90-120 minutes of a night;s sleep.
  14. Animals Dream too. Studies have been done one many different animals  and they all show the same brain waves during dreaming sleep as humans. Watch a dog sleeping sometime. The paws move like they are running and they make yipping sounds as they are chasing something in a dream.
  15. You can have four to seven Dreams in one night.
No comments | Monday, October 22, 2012
    em effect
  1. Dr. Dre didn't know Eminem was white until they met, but Dre said "I don't care What color size, or age as long as they can rap."
  2. Eminem failed 9th grade 3 times and then dropped out.
  3. Eminem has been falsely reported dead by a car crash 4 times and a drug overdose once.
  4. To be signed to Shady Records, one of the requirements is you have to battle Eminem.
  5. Eminem's all time favorite movie is "The Matrix"
  6. After every music video he shoots, he says "that's a white wrap."
  7. His relatives used to call him "Mickey" when he was a baby because he had big ears.
  8. Eminem originally wanted to become a comic- book artist.
  9. Eminem is in the Guinness Book of World Records for being the fastest selling hip-hop artist.
  10. when Dr. Dre first met Em, Em was wearing a bright yellow tracksuit which he got from a sponsor because he didn't have the money to buy decent clothes. Dre thought he looked like a banana.
  11. He is a Spiderman fan.
  12. For his "8 mile" role, Em dropped from 168 lbs to 145 lbs.
  13. Em wears glasses because he's near-sighted.
  14. Em used to spend hours at night studying the dictionary so that he could expand his vocabulary for his rhymes.
  15. "Lose yourself" may have topped the poll on songs that spurs ball players to victory, but it also topped the poll on songs most likely to lead to car crashes.
No comments | Friday, October 19, 2012
1975 George Lucas is so desperate to film his trilogy, he agrees to a hefty director's pay cut, in return for 40% of the film's profits, plus rights to the sequels and merchandising. Turns out, it wasn't such a bad deal.
1977 Star wars re-released as Episode IV: A new hope in 1981 rakes in $1,554,475 in its first weekend.
1980 The sequel, Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back, reveals that Vader is Luke's father. To preserve the twist, a fake script points to Obi-wan as Anakin's killer, with the real dialogue secretly voiced in by Earl Jones just prior to the premiere.
1983 Episode VI: Return of the Jedi concludes the original trilogy.
1994 Lucas begins writing the prequels.
1999 Episode I: The Phantom Menace- the starting point of the Star Wars saga- introduces a new generation to the intergalactic story.
2002 Episode II: Attack of the Clones is the first major movie shot using entirely digital media.
2005 Episode III: Revenge of the Sith opens as Lucas refutes rumours of a third trilogy.
2012 The Phantom Menace is re-released in 3D, signalling a new era for the franchise.

By The Numbers:-
The Star Wars films have grossed $4.4 billion worldwide in ticket sales.

It would take just over 13 hours to watch all six films back to back.

The movies has won ten Academy Awards- Seven Oscars went to the original Star Wars. The prequels won none.

Over $20 billion of Star Wars licensed goods have been sold.

An intact 1978 "telescoping lightsabre" Darth Vader action figure has sold for more than $6000.

Star Wars is an American epic area opera franchise created by Geroge Lucas targeted in a movie series. The film series has spawned a media franchise outside the film series known as the distended Universe as well as books, tv series, comic books and video games. These supplements to the film trilogies have resulted in an important development of the series' fictional universe. These media unbroken the franchise active within the interim between the film trilogies. The franchise portrays a universe that is in a very galaxy that's represented as so much, far away. It ordinarily portrays Jedi as an illustration of the fine, in conflict with the Sith, their evil counterpart. Their weapon of alternative, the lightsaber, is often recognized in widespread culture. The fictional universe conjointly contains several themes, particular influences of philosophy and faith. 

Reactions to the first triad were principally positive, with the last film being thought about the weakest, whereas the prequel triad received a lot of mixed reactions, with most of the praise being for the ultimate motion picture, in keeping with most review human websites. All six of the most films within the series were conjointly appointive for or won Academy Awards.
No comments | Wednesday, October 17, 2012
Laptop computerGRiD Compass 1101:-
Price: $8150
CPU: Intel 8086 @ 8MHz
Released: 1982
Port: GPIB parallel port
Weight: 10 lbs, 12 oz
Display: 6-inch electroluminescent
80 x 24 text
320 x 240 graphics
Storage: Internal 384K bubble RAM,
external floppy drive

The GRiD compass is very high-tech, with its flat-black, die-cast magnesium-alloy case, and bright, sharp electroluminescent display (ELD). No other system packed so much speed and power in as small a case, and none had such a unique and large, easy-to-read screen, allowing full 80 x 24 text.

Of course, all of these great features raised the price significantly. At $8150, the GRiD Compass 1101 was the most expensive personal computer you could buy. It was originally developed for business executives, GRiDs were also used by the U.S. Military in the field and by NASA on the Space Shuttles during the 1980's and 90's. It's even said that the US president's "nuclear football" at one time included a GRiD computer. GRiD was also used in on-board Space Shuttle "Disocer" missing STS-51G-June 1985.
3 comments | Tuesday, October 02, 2012
Introduced: 1984
Price: ??
Weight: 3.8lbs
CPU: 80C85, 2.4MHz
RAM: 32K, 64K max.
Ports: RS-232, Parallel Ports,Bar code reader, 300 baud modem.
Display: 40 x 8 character LCD display
Power: 4'AA' batteries Run for 16 hours on battery power! External 9vdc power supply
Storage: Audio cassette in/out
OS: Microsoft BASIC v1.1 in ROM

The NEC PC-8300 is an upgrade of the original PC-8201a.

These are probably the worlds first laptop Computer sporting a full-size keyboard, and enough ports to satisfy everyone needs.

  • - Built by NEC under license from Kyocera
  • - 32k RAM installed, expandable to 2 banks of 32k each or 1 bank of 64k
  • - 8 Line Display.
  • - Redefinable screen character set.
  • - Could take memory cartridges of up to 128k in special slot.
  • - Video monitor interface available.
  • - Portable disk drive available.
  • - Portable printer available.
  • - Able to emulate PC8201.
  • - Internal modem optional with Bell standard Berg connectors.
  • - Advanced TEXT with printer formatting.
  • - Advanced TELCOM with X-Modem file transfer.
No comments | Monday, October 01, 2012
Gold Fact file:
  • People have prized gold since times of yore. It's simple to figure with and makes stunning objects that don't corrode. Coins and even jewelry that are buried for thousands of years are unit bright because the day they were created.
  • Gold is rare- it's solely the 73rd commonest part in Earth's crust. There is area unit over 10 million tonnes of gold within the world's seas, however it'd price and excessive amount to urge it out.
  • Gold is incredibly serious. A cup of gold weighs 19.3 times the maximum amount because the same cup stuffed with water.
  • More than ninety percent of all gold mined within the past 6000 years has been extracted since 1948.
  • Gold may be stretched into terribly skinny wire. Only one-gram of gold makes a wire pair of .4 kilometers long and five microns (5 millionths of a meter) thick.
  • Gold is employed for creating coins and jewellery. It's conjointly utilized; physics, dental medicine and for creating special product like the coating on astronauts visors that protects them against harmful radiation.
  • In 1869, the largest gold nugget ever was found in Moliagul (Australia) weighs 70.92 kg and known as the Welcome Stranger.
  • Gold bars like those seen in films regarding bank robberies are known as 'London Good Delivery Bags'. They weigh 12.5kg, about 6 times as much as an average house brick and measure 17.8 x 8.2 x 4.4cm.
Diamond Fact file:
  • Diamond comes from a rock named as 'Kimberlite'. Every carat of polished diamond is mined from two-hundred tonnes of 'kimberlite'.
  • The melting point of diamond is 6,900 degree Celsius, which is two and half times the temperature needed to melt steel.
  • About 180 times, diamonds are harder than emeralds.
  • The largest diamond ever found is termed as the 'Cullinan', after the president of the known company 'De Beers' whose name is Thomas Cullinan. The stone weighed 3,106carats (621kg) and was found in South Africa in regarding 1905. It had been to King Edward VII of Great Britian who had to move create a hundred and five separate diamonds. One among the more important for those with 317.7 carats and is ready within the British Imperial State Crown.
  • A British scientist, Smithson Tennant (1761-1815) in 1976, was the first person to show that diamonds are made of carbon. It is the only gem in the world made of single element.
  • Fewer than one-thousand rough diamonds weighing more than 100 carats have ever been found.
  • Carats is used to measure the weight of diamonds. There are about 142 carats to the ounce and five carats to a gram. The word 'Carat' comes from carob which is a bean that grow on the Ceratonia siliqua tree. Amazingly consistent weight of the bean is 0.2g. 
1 comment | Thursday, September 20, 2012
    Crazy Frog started in Sweden when Erik Wernquist created a 3D computer animated creature called 'The Annoying Thing'. Crazy Frog was distributed as a mobile phone ringtone by Jamba! In 2004, earning more than 14 million Pounds worldwide. In 2005 it went to No.1 in the UK single charts. Crazy Frog products now include key rings, lunch boxes, T-shirts, backpacks, soft toys, desk Nodders, even air fresheners.

    Barbie Doll

    The first Barbie doll appeared in February 1959. It was made by Ruth and Elliot Handler, co-founders of American toy manufactures Mattel, and they named the doll after their daughter Barbara. The doll was dressed in a black and white striped swimsuit, with sunglasses, high heels and gold hoop earrings. In the first year a total of 351,000 Barbies were sold at $3 each. The doll went on to become one of the best selling toys of all time.

    Scrabble was invented in the USA during the 1930s by an unemployed architect named Alfred Mosher Butts. First he called it Lexiko, then it and Criss-Cross, before hitting on the name Scrabble. Well over 100 million sets have been sold in more than 130 countries. The number of letters included vary according to the language. In Dutch, for example, there are 18 Es, 10 Ns and two Js. The Slovak version has 41 different letters- more than any other version.


    Monopoly was invented in 1934 by an unemployed engineer called Charles Darrow, who lived in Philadelphia, USA. In his first version of the game he used street names but could not afford the fare. The game was so successful that Darrow became a millionaire and spent the rest of his life travelling and growing rare orchids. Monopoly was soon adapted for other countries, using street names from their main cities. The British version, for example, uses London place names and Mayfair is the most expensive street. There are also versions of Monopoly based on the popular TV series, such as The Simpsons. Parkers, the US manufacturers of the game, print more Monopoly money than US Treasury prints dollars.

    Computer games

    The first computer games were played on televisions and appeared in the 1970s. They were basic arcade games like Pong (1972), an electric table-tennis game, and Pac-Man (1980), in which yellow blob is steered round a maze, gobbling up everything in its path.

    As computer technology advanced games and consoles improved with better graphics, sound and choice of themes. Second generation 8-bit games had removable cartridges, while the fifth 32-bit and 64-bit generation games could be played in 3D. Sixth and seventh generation games are more realistic than ever before and can be played online with anyone around the world which is called as Multiplayer.

    Generation Popular consoles
    First Atari PONG (1975)
    Second Atari PONG (1977)
    Third Nintendo Entertainment System (1983),
    Nintendo Game Boy (1989)
    Fourth Sega MEgaDrive (1988), Super Nintendo (1990)
    Fifth Nintendo 64 (1986), Sony PlayStation (1994)
    Sixth Sega Dreamcast (1988), Sony PlayStation 2 (2000),
    Microsoft Xbox (2001)
    Seventh Xbox 360 (2005), PlayStation 3 (2006),
    Nintendo Revolution (2006)

    Valuable Toys
    Some wealthy collectors prize rare toys, especially those that are in good condition- in their original box, and never played with. These are just some of the toys that may have cost very little when they were made, but now sell for high prices.
    • A Kammer and Reinhardt doll was sold at Sotheby's London, On 8 February 1994 for $277,981.
    • At 1906 train set made by German toymaker Marklin was sold at Christie's, London, in 2001 for $165,290.
    • A tinplate clockwork motorcycle with Mickey Mouse and Minnie from about 1930, was sold at Christie's London, in 1997 for $83,650.
    • A Machine Man robot, made by Japanese manufacturer Masudaya in about 1955, sold at Sotheby's, New York, in 1996 for $42,550.
    • Dingley Hall, a doll's house dating from 1877, was sold at Christie's, London, in 2003 for $165,290.
    • Titania's Palace, a doll's house with 2,000 times of furniture, was sold at Christie's, London, in 1978 for $258,728
    • A black mohair Steiff teddy bear, made in about 1912, was sold at Christie's, London, in 2000 for $132,157. It was one of only 494 black Steiff bears made as a mark of respect after the sinking of the Titanic. They are known as "mourning teddies".