No comments | Thursday, September 20, 2012
    Toy
    Crazy Frog started in Sweden when Erik Wernquist created a 3D computer animated creature called 'The Annoying Thing'. Crazy Frog was distributed as a mobile phone ringtone by Jamba! In 2004, earning more than 14 million Pounds worldwide. In 2005 it went to No.1 in the UK single charts. Crazy Frog products now include key rings, lunch boxes, T-shirts, backpacks, soft toys, desk Nodders, even air fresheners.

    Barbie Doll

    The first Barbie doll appeared in February 1959. It was made by Ruth and Elliot Handler, co-founders of American toy manufactures Mattel, and they named the doll after their daughter Barbara. The doll was dressed in a black and white striped swimsuit, with sunglasses, high heels and gold hoop earrings. In the first year a total of 351,000 Barbies were sold at $3 each. The doll went on to become one of the best selling toys of all time.

    Scrabble
    Scrabble was invented in the USA during the 1930s by an unemployed architect named Alfred Mosher Butts. First he called it Lexiko, then it and Criss-Cross, before hitting on the name Scrabble. Well over 100 million sets have been sold in more than 130 countries. The number of letters included vary according to the language. In Dutch, for example, there are 18 Es, 10 Ns and two Js. The Slovak version has 41 different letters- more than any other version.

    Monopoly

    Monopoly was invented in 1934 by an unemployed engineer called Charles Darrow, who lived in Philadelphia, USA. In his first version of the game he used street names but could not afford the fare. The game was so successful that Darrow became a millionaire and spent the rest of his life travelling and growing rare orchids. Monopoly was soon adapted for other countries, using street names from their main cities. The British version, for example, uses London place names and Mayfair is the most expensive street. There are also versions of Monopoly based on the popular TV series, such as The Simpsons. Parkers, the US manufacturers of the game, print more Monopoly money than US Treasury prints dollars.

    Computer games

    The first computer games were played on televisions and appeared in the 1970s. They were basic arcade games like Pong (1972), an electric table-tennis game, and Pac-Man (1980), in which yellow blob is steered round a maze, gobbling up everything in its path.

    As computer technology advanced games and consoles improved with better graphics, sound and choice of themes. Second generation 8-bit games had removable cartridges, while the fifth 32-bit and 64-bit generation games could be played in 3D. Sixth and seventh generation games are more realistic than ever before and can be played online with anyone around the world which is called as Multiplayer.


    Generation Popular consoles
    First Atari PONG (1975)
    Second Atari PONG (1977)
    Third Nintendo Entertainment System (1983),
    Nintendo Game Boy (1989)
    Fourth Sega MEgaDrive (1988), Super Nintendo (1990)
    Fifth Nintendo 64 (1986), Sony PlayStation (1994)
    Sixth Sega Dreamcast (1988), Sony PlayStation 2 (2000),
    Microsoft Xbox (2001)
    Seventh Xbox 360 (2005), PlayStation 3 (2006),
    Nintendo Revolution (2006)

    Valuable Toys
    Some wealthy collectors prize rare toys, especially those that are in good condition- in their original box, and never played with. These are just some of the toys that may have cost very little when they were made, but now sell for high prices.
    • A Kammer and Reinhardt doll was sold at Sotheby's London, On 8 February 1994 for $277,981.
    • At 1906 train set made by German toymaker Marklin was sold at Christie's, London, in 2001 for $165,290.
    • A tinplate clockwork motorcycle with Mickey Mouse and Minnie from about 1930, was sold at Christie's London, in 1997 for $83,650.
    • A Machine Man robot, made by Japanese manufacturer Masudaya in about 1955, sold at Sotheby's, New York, in 1996 for $42,550.
    • Dingley Hall, a doll's house dating from 1877, was sold at Christie's, London, in 2003 for $165,290.
    • Titania's Palace, a doll's house with 2,000 times of furniture, was sold at Christie's, London, in 1978 for $258,728
    • A black mohair Steiff teddy bear, made in about 1912, was sold at Christie's, London, in 2000 for $132,157. It was one of only 494 black Steiff bears made as a mark of respect after the sinking of the Titanic. They are known as "mourning teddies". 

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