No comments | Wednesday, March 27, 2013
Great religious buildings:
The world's major religions including, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism and Christianity have inspired many of the world's greatest buildings. Some are shrines to the religions's founders. Others are places of pilgrimage. Several are among the world's largest structures.

Tallest churches, Church/location Height(m)   Year completed
Chicago Methodist Temple, Chicago, USA     173         1924
Ulm Cathedral, Ulm, Germany     161         1890
Notre Dame de la Paix, Yomoussoukro,
Cote d'lvoire
    158         1989
Cologne Cathedral, Cologne, Germany     156         1880
 Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, France     148         1876   
  • The UK's tallest church is Salisbury Cathedral, built in 1930. Its spire measures 123m. The height to the top of the dome of St Paul's Cathedral, London (completed in 1710) is 112m.
  • Spanish architect Antonio Gaudi's Sagrada Familia Cathedral in Barcelona, Spain was begun in 1883, but is not yet completed. Its tallest spires are planned to reach 170m. 
Tallest mosques-
The Great Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco (1993) is the tallest mosque at 210m. The Saddam Mosque, Baghdad, Iraq was designed to be the largest in the Middle East, with a record-breaking 280m minaret, but it has not been completed.

Largest Buddhist temple-
The Largest Buddhist temple in the world is Borobudur, near Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia. It was built between AD 750 and 842. The temple covers 60,000sq m and contains 56,634cu m of stone.

Largest Hindu temple-
Angkor Wat, Cambodia, built between 879 and 1191 is the largest religious structure in the world. The complex of buildings inside it walls and moat covers 83,110sq m .

Largest mosque-
The Masjid al Haram is the holy mosque of Makkah, the birthplace of the prophet Muhammad. Millions of Muslim pilgrims visit the mosque every year. The mosque covers82,000sq m and the surrounding yards cover another 985,000 sq m. Together they can hold up to 1.2 million devotees.

Largest churches-
Salt Late Temple, Utah, USA (1983) has a floor area of 23,506sq m. It was the largest Christian cathedral in the world until 1989 when it was overtaken by the 30,000sq m basilica in Yamoussoukro, Cote d'lvoire. St Peter's in the Vatican (1612) the centre of the Roman Catholic Church, covers an area of 23,000sq m. and is 218.7m long.

Largest synagogue-
The world's largest synagogue is Temple Emanu-El, New york City, USA. It occupies an area of 3,523sq m and opened in 1929.

Lighthouses:
Tallest in the world-
lighthouseThe biggest lighthouse ever built wa the Pharos of Alexandria, which stood 124m tall. It was one of the Seven wonders of the world. The world's tallest lighhouse today is in Yamashita Park, Yokohama, Japan and is 106m tall.

Tallest in the US-
The Cape Hatteras lighthouse in North Carolina was built in 1870. It is the tallest in the USA at 59.7m. The lighthouse was being eroded by the sea so between 1999 and 2000 the entire 2,540 tonne building was moved 884m inland, very slowly on tracks.

Tallest in the UK-
The Bishop Rock lighthouse off the Scilly Isles, built in 1858 is 49m tall and has a helipad on top. The equally tall Eddystone lighthouse, off Plymouth, was originally made of wood. The one there now is the fifth on the site and was opened in 1882.

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