No comments | Friday, April 19, 2013
Casts of thousands:
About 20,000 of the extras in Gandhi were volunteers, but another 94,560 were paid a small fee. They appeared in the scene showing Gandhi's funeral, which lasted just two minutes and five seconds after editing. In Around the World in 80 Days (1956), there were animal extras as well as people- 3,800 sheep, 2,448 buffalos, 15 elephants, 950 donkeys, 6 skunks, 800 horses, 512 monkeys, 17 bulls, and 4 ostriches. In recent films, such as the Lord of the Rings trilogy, scenes featuring thousands of people were computer-generated, so the days of films with casts of thousands may be over.
Film/Country/Year  Extras
Gandhi, UK, 1982   294,560
Kolberg, Germany, 1945   187,000
Monster Wangmagwi, Sount Korea, 1967   157,000
War and Peace, USSR, 1968   120,000
Ilya Muromets, USSR, 1956   106,000
Dun-Huang (Ton ko), Japan, 1988   100,000
Razboiul Independentei (The War of Independence),
Romania, 1912
    80,000
Around the World in 80 Days, USA, 1956     68,894
Intolerance, USA, 1916     60,000
Dny Zrady (Days of Betrayal), Czechoslovakia, 1973     60,000


What does what in a film?
Person What they do
Director The director controls everything, gives order to
the cast and crew and makes sure that the script
is followed
Producer(s) There can be more than one prodicer, who is
responsible for raising the money to make the
film and for other important activities, such
as casting and controlling the costs.
Screenplay writer The person who writes the script. This gives
the actors and actresses their lines and expllains
how the action takes place.
Cast The actors and actresses who appear in the film.
Extras The people who appear in crowd scenes but do not
have sneaking parts.
Animatronic engineer    The technician responsible for making the robotic 
creatures used in science-fiction and fantasy film.
Art director The art director coordinates the costumes, sets
and make-up to set the overall style of the film.
Best boy The deputy electrician, assistant to the gaffer.
Casting director The person who chooses the actor for each
role in the film.
Caterer The caterer supplies meals so that the cast and
crew can work all day.
Cinematographer The person who directs the lighting and films
the action, originally called the cameraman.
Clapper loader Details of each are written on a special
board called a clapper board. The clapper
loader snaps it shut in front of the camera
is filming begins to record what is being filmed
Composer The composer writes the music or adapts an
existing score as a backing track to the film.
Costume designer The costume designer is responsible for designing
and supplying of film to create the final version.
Editor The editor cuts and connects the best versions of
each section of film to create the final version.
Gaffer The chief electrician, who is responsible for lightning
the set. The word may comee from slang for grandfather- a
senior person respected by everyone. Gaffer tape is the
heavy-duty tape used on sets to secure cables and almost
everything else.
Key grip A grip is responsible for moving the sets and
for laying the tracks on which the camera
runs. The key grip is in charge of all other grips.
Make-up artist He or she applies the cosmetics which alter or
improve an actor's looks under the studio lights.
Sound engineer This engineer makes sure that the actor's dialogue
and all other sounds heard on the film are properly
recorded and synchronized with the action.
Special-effects
coordinator
This person is responsible for creating spectacular
scnes through a mixture of photographic,
mechanical and computer methods.
Stunt man/Woman Specialists who perform the actions that are too
difficult or dangerous for an actor. Stunt doubles
are stunt men or women made up to look like
the actors so it looks as though the actors have
performed a feat themselves.
Wardrobe mistress The wardrobe mistress (or master) is in charge
of the costumes, making sure they fit, are in
good condition and available when they are needed
for a scene.

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